FIRE Level 2
Entry Title: First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment (ASTEX) NASA ER-2 Cloud Lidar System Data

Entry ID: FIRE_AX_ER2_LIDAR_1
Clouds Field Campaigns
Description

The First ISCCP Regional Experiments have been designed to improve data products and cloud/radiation parameterizations used in general circulation models (GCMs). Specifically, the goals of FIRE are (1) to improve the basic understanding of the interaction of physical processes in determining life cycles of cirrus and marine stratocumulus systems and the radiative properties of these clouds during their life cycles and (2) to investigate the interrelationships between the ISCCP data, GCM parameterizations, and higher space and time resolution cloud data. To-date, four intensive field-observation periods were planned and executed: a cirrus IFO (October 13 - November 2, 1986); a marine stratocumulus IFO off the southwestern coast of California (June 29 - July 20, 1987); a second cirrus IFO in southeastern Kansas (November 13 - December 7, 1991); and a second marine stratocumulus IFO in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean (June 1 - June 28, 1992). Each mission combined coordinated satellite, airborne, and surface observations with modeling studies to investigate the cloud properties and physical processes of the cloud systems. The development of parameterizations requires an understanding of the processes that generate, maintain, and dissipate boundary layer clouds. This development is currently impeded by lack of understanding of the transition from stratocumulus clouds to trade cumulus clouds and the factors that control cloud type and amount in the boundary layer. ASTEX was designed to address key issues related to stratocumulus to trade cumulus transition and mode selection. ASTEX involved intensive measurements from several platforms operating from June 1-28, 1992 in the area of the Azores and Madeira Islands. The purpose was to study how the transition and mode selection are effected by 1) cloud-top entrainment instability, 2) diurnal decoupling and clearing due to solar absorption, 3) patchy drizzle and a transition to horizontally inhomogeneous clouds through decoupling, 4) mesoscale variability in cloud thickness and associated mesoscale circulations, and 5) episodic strong subsidence lowering the inversion below the LCL. Detailed descriptions of the scientific goals of ASTEX are in the FIRE Phase II: Research plan (1989) and in the ASTEX Operations Plan (1992). The Cloud Lidar System (CLS) instrument was flown aboard the NASA ER-2 airplane. This instrument was used to determine cloud altitudes. Information pertaining to the number of cloud layers detected; the heights of the boundaries for up to 5 cloud layers; geo-physical location information; and time were recorded.Four channels of data were recorded. The first channel recorded wave lengths at 532 nanometers in the parallel plane. The second channel recorded wave lengths of 532 nanometers in the perpendicular plane. The third channel recorded wavelengths of 1064 nanometers total. The forth channel was a linear amplifier which received the digitized signal from one of the three previously mentioned CLS detectors. The data are organized so that there is a single header record for the file. This header record is followed by a series of pairs of records. The first record of each pair contains the CLS calibrated data and the second record of the pair contains the CLS analyzed data.

DOI

10.5067/ASDC_DAAC/FIRE/0029

View Citations
Keywords

From GCMD Science Keywords:
  • CLOUD TYPES
  • CLOUD HEIGHT > CLOUD PROPERTIES
  • CLOUD VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION > CLOUD PROPERTIES
  • CLOUD FREQUENCY > CLOUD PROPERTIES
  • Cloud Altitudes
  • Cloud Data
  • Cloud Layers
  • Cloud Lidar System
  • Cloud Lidar System (CLS) Lidar
  • Ground Height
Data Distribution

File Format(s):

Native

Note: "Get Dataset" is a link to our recommended order method. The down arrow will show you additional options.

Spatial Information

spatial-coverage-map
Spatial Coverage: (30.56, 39.9), (-27.53, -15.41)
Spatial Coverage Type: Horizontal
Vertical Resolution: 75 m Vertical
Coordinate System: Geodetic
Granule Spatial Representation: Geodetic
Locations

MID-LATITUDE ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN BOUNDARY LAYER STRATOSPHERE TROPOSPHERE
Temporal Information

Temporal Coverage: 1992-06-02 - 1992-06-23
Temporal Resolution: 1 second
Platforms

Aircraft
NASA ER-2
NASA Earth Resources-2
LIDAR
Light Detection and Ranging
Metadata Dates

Created on 2000-03-16
Last updated on 2018-07-06