FIRE Level 1B
Entry Title: First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Cirrus Experiment (CI2) NASA ER-2 MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) Data

Entry ID: FIRE_CI2_ER2_MAS_1
Aerosols Clouds Radiation Budget Field Campaigns
Description

The First ISCCP Regional Experiments have been designed to improve data products and cloud/radiation parameterizations used in general circulation models (GCMs). Specifically, the goals of FIRE are (1) to seek the basic understanding of the interaction of physical processes in determining life cycles of cirrus and marine stratocumulus systems and the radiative properties of these clouds during their life cycles and (2) to investigate the interrelationships between ISCCP data, GCM parameterizations, and higher space and time resolution cloud data. To-date, four intensive field-observation periods were planned and executed: a cirrus IFO (October 13 - November 2, 1986); a marine stratocumulus IFO off the southwestern coast of California (June 29 - July 20, 1987); a second cirrus IFO in southeastern Kansas (November 13 - December 7, 1991); and a second marine stratocumulus IFO in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean (June 1 - June 28, 1992). Each mission combined coordinated satellite, airborne, and surface observations with modeling studies to investigate the cloud properties and physical processes of the cloud systems. The MODIS Airbourne Simulator (MAS) is a modified Daedalus Wildfire scanning spectrometer which flies on a NASA ER-2 and provides spectral information similar to that which will be provided by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), scheduled to be launched on the EOS-AM platform in 1998 (King et al. 1992). The principal investigators for the MAS are Dr. Michael King (NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt MD), and Dr. Paul Menzel (NOAA/NESDIS, Madison WI). In November/December 1991, the modified Wildfire instrument was flown during the FIRE Cirrus-II experiment onboard a NASA ER-2 in coordination with other aircraft and satellites over the Coffeyville, KS field site as well as the Texas and Louisiana Gulf coast. The MAS spectrometer acquires high spatial resolution imagery in the wavelength range of 0.55 to 14.3 microns. A total of 50 spectral bands are available in this range, and the digitizer can be configured to collect data from any 12 of these bands. The digitizer was configured with four 10-bit channels and seven 8-bit channels. The MAS spectrometer was mated to a scanner subassembly which collected image data with an IFOV of 2.5 mrad, giving a ground resolution of 50 meters from 20000 meters altitude, and a cross track scan width of 85.92 degrees. The data granules were written using the self documenting file storage format provided through the netCDF interface routines included in the HDF libraries.

DOI

10.5067/ASDC_DAAC/FIRE/0100

View Citations
Resources and Documentation

Earthdata Forum

DOWNLOAD SOFTWARE

FIRE II-ASTEX Read Software Package - Direct File Download (.tar)

FIRE I-Cirrus Read Software Package - Direct File Download (.tar)

FIRE I-Extended-Time-Observation Read Software Package - Direct File Download (.tar)

FIRE II-Cirrus Read Software Package - Direct File Download (.tar)

FIRE III Read Software Package - Direct File Download (.tar)

PROFESSIONAL HOME PAGE

Campaign Summary Information for First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE)

PROJECT HOME PAGE

Enhanced MODIS Airborne Simulator (eMAS) Project Home Page

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Keywords

From GCMD Science Keywords:
  • VISIBLE FLUX
  • INFRARED IMAGERY
  • INFRARED FLUX
  • VISIBLE IMAGERY
  • MODIS
  • Gulf Coast
  • Imagery
  • Infrared Radiance
  • Visible Radiance
Data Distribution

File Format(s):

Other (HDF)

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Spatial Information

spatial-coverage-map
Spatial Coverage: (23.65, 39.62), (-124.11, -88.9)
Spatial Coverage Type: Horizontal
Coordinate System: Geodetic
Granule Spatial Representation: Geodetic
Locations

TEXAS TROPOSPHERE KANSAS MID-LATITUDE LOUISIANA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NORTH AMERICA BOUNDARY LAYER
Temporal Information

Temporal Coverage: 1991-10-31 - 1991-12-07
Temporal Resolution: Daily
Platforms

Aircraft
NASA ER-2
NASA Earth Resources-2
MAS
MODIS Airborne Simulator
Metadata Dates

Created on 1999-11-02
Last updated on 2019-10-25