Chesapeake Lighthouse & Aircraft Measurements for Satellites

The Chesapeake Lighthouse and Aircraft Measurements for Satellites (CLAMS) field campaign was conducted from July 10 – August 2, 2001 from NASA Wallops Flight Facility covering the middle Atlantic eastern seaboard. CLAMS was a part of the Global Aerosol Climatology Project, a project which is sponsored by NASA and the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX). CLAMS collected data from the area surrounding the Chesapeake Lighthouse station, a sea platform 20 kilometers east of Virginia Beach, which served as the location of the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE). For 17 years, COVE provided continuous measurements of radiation, meteorology, and ocean waves for validation of CERES and other satellite products. This field campaign data was used to validate satellite observations from CERES, the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR), and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS). With CERES, MISR, and MODIS having been launched two years prior in December 1999, CLAMS incorporated COVE measurements into an airborne field campaign to improve the methodology of atmospheric data collection and validation.

CLAMS was designed to improve the understanding of atmospheric aerosols and to address key issues involved in the methodology of atmospheric data collection. CLAMS sought to improve interpretation of COVE data. By obtaining measurements of ocean optics and aerosol properties, CLAMS aimed to understand the impacts of platform obstructions and sea variations on COVE data and to improve the scale of COVE data so that it could be better used with satellite data. CLAMS also set out to validate satellite observations of aerosol properties using data collected during the field campaign. CLAMS collected information that would improve satellite retrievals in various conditions which could be compared with in-situ measurements from aircraft and surface-based measurements or sensors.

CLAMS conducted nine coordinated aircraft missions using six aircraft. The NASA ER-2, University of Washington Convair 580 (UW CV-580), Cessna 210, Lear 25C, and Proteus aircraft were deployed from NASA Wallops Flight Facility to collect in-situ and remotely sensed measurements. Wallops Flight Facility offered access to a major plume of urban and industrial haze over the eastern United States and Atlantic Ocean, as well as offering proximity to several Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) stations and other surface sites. The ER-2 served as a high-altitude remote sensing platform. The UW CV-580 was equipped with an in-situ aerosol profiler, various nephelometers, and the NASA GSFC Cloud Absorption Radiometer to obtain in-situ aerosol measurements. The Cessna 210 was equipped with a research scanning polarimeter. The Lear 25C was equipped with an A-band Spectrometer. The Proteus configuration included the NAST-M and NAST-I instruments. The NASA Langley OV-10 was deployed from NASA Langley Research Center equipped with the CERES Fixed wing Airborne Radiometer instrument to measure in-situ temperature, humidity, and pressure. These airborne measurements targeted the COVE Chesapeake Light Station sea platform. Data from remote sensors carried by the Terra satellite and the GOES-8 satellite were also incorporated.

The ASDC houses CLAMS data from the UW CV-580, including Cloud Absorption Radiometer data and aerosol, radiation, chemical, and meteorological data products. Additionally, the ASDC houses CLAMS data from the MODIS Airborne Simulator and data from radiosondes deployed near the Chesapeake Lighthouse station.

Disciplines:   Aerosols Clouds Radiation Budget Field Campaigns
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
CLAMS_MODIS_L2_AEROSOL_PRODUCTS_1
CLAMS MODIS L2 Aerosols
Aerosols,  Clouds,  Radiation Budget,  Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(18, 57), (-106, -42)
Temporal Coverage:
2001-07-10 - 2001-08-02
Temporal Resolution:
Daily
CLAMS_UWASH_CONVAIR_DATA_1
CLAMS-Chesapeake Lighthouse and Aircraft Measurements for Satellites Un. Washington Convair-580 aircraft measurements
Aerosols,  Clouds,  Radiation Budget,  Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(35.9, 38), (-76.5, -70)
Temporal Coverage:
2001-07-10 - 2001-08-02
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
CLAMS_CERES_CHESLIGHT_SONDE_1
CLAMS Chesapeake Lighthouse Vaisala RS-80 Radiosonde
Aerosols,  Clouds,  Radiation Budget,  Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(36.9, 36.91), (-75.71, -75.71)
Temporal Coverage:
2001-07-10 - 2001-08-02
Temporal Resolution:
5 Seconds
CLAMS_CV580_CAR_1
CLAMS CV-580 Cloud Absorption Radiometer (CAR)
Aerosols,  Clouds,  Radiation Budget,  Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(36.35, 38.7), (-76.52, -70.28)
Temporal Coverage:
2001-07-10 - 2001-08-02
Temporal Resolution:
0.6 seconds
CLAMS_ER2_MAS_1
CLAMS ER-2 Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) Airborne Simulator (MAS)
Aerosols,  Clouds,  Radiation Budget,  Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(35.27, 46.27), (-115.21, -69.22)
Temporal Coverage:
2001-06-29 - 2001-08-02
Temporal Resolution:
15 minutes