Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere

Each summer the North American Monsoon Anticyclone (NAMA) dominates the circulation of the North-Western Hemisphere and acts to partially confine and isolate air from the surrounding atmosphere. Strong convective storms in the NAMA regularly reach altitudes deep into the lower stratosphere, with some ascending above 20 km. These storms carry water and pollutants from the troposphere into the otherwise very dry stratosphere, where they can have a significant impact on radiative and chemical processes, potentially including destruction of stratospheric ozone. The Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere (DCOTSS) field campaign is a NASA Earth Venture Suborbital research project aimed at investigating these thunderstorms. DCOTSS utilizes NASA’s ER-2 aircraft and conducted two ~8-week science deployments based out of Salina, KS spanning early to late summer.

DCOTSS Project Page

Project DOI: 10.5067/ASDC/SUBORBITAL/DCOTSS/DATA001
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
DCOTSS-Model-Output_1
Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere Model Output
Clouds Spatial Coverage:
(S: -90, N: 90), (W: -180, E: 180)
Temporal Coverage:
2021-05-01 - 2022-10-01
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
DCOTSS-Radar-Satellite-Data_1
Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere Radar and Satellite (Remote Sensing) Data Products
Clouds Spatial Coverage:
(S: 10, N: 55), (W: -135, E: -60)
Temporal Coverage:
2021-07-05 - 2022-07-14
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
DCOTSS-Aircraft-Data_1
Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere Airborne Data Products
Aerosols Spatial Coverage:
(S: 13.5, N: 58), (W: -131, E: -78.5)
Temporal Coverage:
2021-06-09 - 2022-07-13
DCOTSS-Balloon-Data_1
Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere Balloon Data Products
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(S: 0, N: 49), (W: -172, E: 0)
Temporal Coverage:
2021-06-09 - 2022-07-13
DCOTSS-Reports_1
Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere Reports
Clouds Spatial Coverage:
(S: 25, N: 47), (W: -123, E: -80)
Temporal Coverage:
2021-07-16 - 2022-07-13

DCOTSS Mission Publications

Khlopenkov, Konstantin V.; Bedka, Kristopher M.; Cooney, John W.; Itterly, Kyle (2022). Recent Advances in Detection of Overshooting Cloud Tops From Longwave Infrared Satellite Imagery. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126 (14), https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JD034319


Li, Yaowei; Dykema, John; Deshler, Terry; Keutsch, Frank (2022). Composition Dependence of Stratospheric Aerosol Shortwave Radiative Forcing in Northern Midlatitudes. Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (24), https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL094427


Smith, Jessica B. (2022). Convective hydration of the stratosphere. Perspective Atmospheric Science, 373 (6560), 1194. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abl8740


Chang K, Bowman K P, Siu L W, and Rapp A D (2021). Convective Forcing of the North American Monsoon Anticyclone at Intraseasonal and Interannual Time Scales. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 78 (9), 2941. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-21-0009.1


Wang, Dié; Jensen, Michael P.; D'Iorio, Jennifer A.; Jozef, Gina; Giangrande, Scott E.; Johnson, Karen L.; Luo, Zhengzhao Johnny; Starzec, Mariusz; Mullendore, Gretchen L. (2021). An Observational Comparison of Level of Neutral Buoyancy and Level of Maximum Detrainment in Tropical Deep Convective Clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (16), https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JD032637


Cooney J W, Bedka K M, Bowman K P, Khlopenkov K V, an dItterly K (2021). Comparing Tropopause-Penetrating Convection Identifications Derived From NEXRAD and GOES Over the Contiguous United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126 (14), https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JD034359


Liu, Nana; Liu, Chuntao; Hayden, Lindsey (2021). Climatology and Detection of Overshooting Convection From 4 Years of GPM Precipitation Radar and Passive Microwave Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (7), https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD032003


Siu, Leong Wai; Bowman, Kenneth P. (2021). Unsteady Vortex Behavior in the Asian Monsoon Anticyclone. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77 (12), 4067. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-19-0349.1


Clapp C E, Smith J B, Bedka K M, and Anderson J G (2021). Identifying Outflow Regions of North American Monsoon Anticyclone-Mediated Meridional Transport of Convectively Influenced Air Masses in the Lower Stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126 (10), https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD034644


Feng, Zhe; Houze, Robert A.; Leung, L. Ruby; Song, Fengfei; Hardin, Joseph C.; Wang, Jingyu; Gustafson, William I.; Homeyer, Cameron R. (2020). Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Large-Scale Environments of Mesoscale Convective Systems East of the Rocky Mountains. Journal of Climate, 32 (21), 7303. https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-19-0137.1


Siu, Leong Wai; Bowman, Kenneth P. (2020). Forcing of the Upper-Tropospheric Monsoon Anticyclones. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76 (7), 1937. https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-18-0340.1


Clapp, C. E.; Anderson, J. G. (2020). Modeling the Effect of Potential Nitric Acid Removal During Convective Injection of Water Vapor Over the Central United States on the Chemical Composition of the Lower Stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (16), 9743. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029703


Starzec M, Mullendore G L, and Homeyer C R (2020). Retrievals of Convective Detrainment Heights Using Ground-Based Radar Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (5), https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031164


Liu, Nana; Liu, Chuntao (2019). Synoptic Environments and Characteristics of Convection Reaching the Tropopause over Northeast China. Monthly Weather Review, 146 (3), 745. https://doi.org/10.1175/mwr-d-17-0245.1


Bedka, Kristopher; Murillo, Elisa M.; Homeyer, Cameron R.; Scarino, Benjamin; Mersiovsky, Haiden (2019). The Above-Anvil Cirrus Plume: An Important Severe Weather Indicator in Visible and Infrared Satellite Imagery. Weather and Forecasting, 33 (5), 1159. https://doi.org/10.1175/waf-d-18-0040.1


Smith, Jessica B.; Wilmouth, David M.; Bedka, Kristopher M.; Bowman, Kenneth P.; Homeyer, Cameron R.; Dykema, John A.; Sargent, Maryann R.; Clapp, Corey E.; Leroy, Stephen S.; Sayres, David S.; Dean‐Day, Jonathan M.; Paul Bui, T.; Anderson, James G. (2018). A case study of convectively sourced water vapor observed in the overworld stratosphere over the United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (17), 9529. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017jd026831


Solomon, David L.; Bowman, Kenneth P.; Homeyer, Cameron R. (2018). Tropopause-Penetrating Convection from Three-Dimensional Gridded NEXRAD Data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55 (2), 465. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0190.1


Anderson, James G.; Weisenstein, Debra K.; Bowman, Kenneth P.; Homeyer, Cameron R.; Smith, Jessica B.; Wilmouth, David M.; Sayres, David S.; Klobas, J. Eric; Leroy, Stephen S.; Dykema, John A.; Wofsy, Steven C. (2018). Stratospheric ozone over the United States in summer linked to observations of convection and temperature via chlorine and bromine catalysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114 (25), https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1619318114


Homeyer, Cameron R.; McAuliffe, Joel D.; Bedka, Kristopher M. (2018). On the Development of Above-Anvil Cirrus Plumes in Extratropical Convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 74 (5), 1617. https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-16-0269.1


Cooney J W, Bowman K P, Homeyer C R and Fenske T M (2018). Ten Year Analysis of Tropopause-Overshooting Convection Using GridRad Data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123 (1), 329. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017jd027718


Bedka, Kristopher M.; Khlopenkov, Konstantin (2017). A Probabilistic Multispectral Pattern Recognition Method for Detection of Overshooting Cloud Tops Using Passive Satellite Imager Observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55 (9), 1983. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0249.1


Liu N and Liu C (2016). Global distribution of deep convection reaching tropopause in 1 year GPM observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (8), 3824. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015jd024430


Homeyer C R, Bowman K P, Pan L L, Zondlo M A and Bresch J F (2011). Convective injection into stratospheric intrusions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116 (D23), https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jd016724