Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) measurements were collected from three satellites (ERBS, NOAA-9, NOAA-10) carrying two ERBE instrument packages (Scanner and NonScanner). The objective was to measure global albedo, fluxes, and solar incidence. The ERBE instruments on board the NOAA-9 and NOAA-10 satellites provide global spatial coverage, while the scanner instruments on board the ERBS provides coverage between 67.5 degrees north and south latitude and the nonscanner instruments on board the ERBS provide coverage between 60 degrees north and south latitude. Because ERBS is in a precessing (57-degree) orbit, the ERBE instruments on board this satellite provide diurnal sampling.

ERBS, a dedicated NASA satellite, was launched in October 1984. The NOAA-9 and NOAA-10 satellites, both operational weather satellites maintained by NOAA, were launched in December 1984 and September 1986, respectively.

Disciplines:   Radiation Budget

ERBE Publications

Gupta SK, Ritchey NA, Wilbur AC, Whitlock CH, Gibson GG, Stackhouse PW (1999). A Climatology of surface radiation budget derived from satellite data. Journal of Climate, 12 (8), 2691. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1999)012<2691:ACOSRB>2.0.CO;2


Hatzianastassiou N, Cooke B, Kortsakioudakis N, Varvadas I, Koutoulaki K (1999). A model for the longwave radiation budget of the Northern Hemisphere: Comparisons with Earth Radiation Budget Experiment data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (D8), 9489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JD900041


Allan R, Slingo A (2002). Can current climate model forcings explain the spatial and temporal signatures of decadal OLR variations?. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (7), 1141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001GL014620


Pai DS, Rajeevan M (1998). Clouds and cloud radiative forcing over tropical Indian Ocean and their relationship with sea surface temperature. Current Science, 74 (4), 372. Retrieved from http://www.iisc.ernet.in/currsci/aug/articles17.htm


Jing X, Cess RD (1998). Comparison of atmospheric clear-sky shortwave radiation models to collocated satellite and surface measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (D22), 28817. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1998JD200012


Zhang M, Cess RD, Jing X (1997). Concerning the interpretation of enhanced cloud shortwave absorption using monthly-mean Earth Radiation Budget Experiment/Global Energy Balance Archive measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D22), 25899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/97JD02196


Hsu N.C, Herman JR, Weaver C (2000). Determination of radiative forcing of Saharan dust using combined TOMS and ERBE data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105 (16), 20649. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900150


Allan R, Ramaswamy V, Slingo A (2002). Diagnostic analysis of atmospheric moisture and clear-sky radiative feedback in the Hadley Centre and Geophysial Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (D17), 4329. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JD001131


Lin X, Randall DA, Fowler LD (2000). Diurnal Variability of the Hydrological cycle and Radiative Fluxes: Comparison between Observations and a GCM. Journal of Climate, 13 (23), 4159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<4159:DVOTHC>2.0.CO;2


Christopher S, Kliche DV, Chou J, Welch RM (1996). First estimates of the radiative forcing of aerosols generated from biomass burning using satellite data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101 (D16), 21265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/96JD02161


Hou AY, Zhang SQ, da Silva AM, Olsooan WS, Kummerow CD, Simpson J (2001). Improving Global Analysis and Short-Range Forecast Using Rainfall and Moisture Observations Derived from TRMM and SSM/I Passive Microwave Sensors. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82 (4), 659. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0659:IGAASF>2.3.CO;2


Allan R, Ringer M (2003). Inconsistencies between satellite estimates of longwave cloud forcing and dynamic fields from reanalyses. Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (9), 1491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2003GL017019


Allan R, Slingo A, Ringer M (2002). Influence of Dyanmics on the Changes in Tropical Cloud Radiative Forcing during the 1998 El Nino. Journal of Climate, 15 (14), 1979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<1979:IODOTC>2.0.CO;2


Räisänen P, Rummukainen M, Räisänen J (2000). Modification of the HIRLAM radiation scheme for use in the Rossby Centre regional Atmospheric Climate model.


Rajeevan M, Srinivasan J (2000). Net cloud radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere in the Asian monsoon region. Journal of Climate, 13 (3), 650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0650:NCRFAT>2.0.CO;2


Lee RB, Smith LG, Bush KA, Paden J, Pandley DK, Wilson RS, Priestley KJ (2004). On-orbit calibrations of the ERBE active-cavity radiometers on the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS): 1984-2002. 5234 http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.511181


Mehta A, Susskind J (1999). Outgoing longwave radiation from the TOVS Pathfinder Path A data set. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (D10), 12193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JD900059


Christopher S, Wang M, Berendes TA, Welch RM, Yang S-K (1998). The 1985 Biomass Burning Season in South America: Satellite Remote Sensing of Fires, Smoke, and Regional Radiative Energy Budgets. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 37 (7), 661. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1998)037<0661:TBBSIS>2.0.CO;2


Hatzianastassiou N, Varvadas I (1999). The net radiation budget of the Northern Hemisphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (D22), 27341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JD900771


Christopher S, Chou J (1997). The potential for collocated AGLP and ERBE data for fire, smoke and radiation budget studies. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18 (12), 2657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/014311697217521


Soden B (2000). The sensitivity of the tropical hydrological cycle to ENSO. Journal of Climate, 13 (3), 538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0538:TSOTTH>2.0.CO;2


Wong T, Young DF (2000). Validation of the CERES/TRMM ERBE-Like Monthly Mean Clear-Sky Longwave Dataset and the Effects of the 1998 ENSO Event. Journal of Climate, 13 (24), 4256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<4256:VOTCTE>2.0.CO;2


Soden B, Ramaswamy V (1998). Variations in atmosphere-ocean solar absorption under clear skies: a comparison of observations and models. Geophysical Research Letters, 25 (12), 2149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/98GL01509


Soden B (1997). Variations in the tropical greenhouse effect during El Nino. Journal of Climate, 10 (5), 1050. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<1050:VITTGE>2.0.CO;2


Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
ERBE_S10_MFOV_NF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10 Medium Field of View (MFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Radiant Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10_MFOV_SF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10 Medium Field of View (MFOV) Shape Factor (SF) Radiant Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFOV_NF_Edition2
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Radiant Flux and Albedo Edition 2 in Native Format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1999-09-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFOV_NF_Edition3
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Radiant Flux and Albedo Edition 3 in Native Format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-60, 60), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1999-09-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFOV_SF_Edition2
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Factor (SF) Radiant Flux and Albedo Edition 2 in Native Format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1999-09-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFOV_SF_Edition3
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Filter (SF) Radiant Flux and Albedo Edition 3 in Native Format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-60, 60), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1999-09-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFV_NF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Earth Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10N_WFV_SF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10N (Nonscanner-only) Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Factor (SF) Earth Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10_WFOV_NF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10 Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Earth Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S10_WFOV_SF_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-10 Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Factor (SF) Earth Flux and Albedo
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-01 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly Climatology
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_MFOV_NF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner, Medium Field of View (MFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) 5 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_MFOV_NF_N10_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner, Medium
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
> 1000 km or > 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_MFOV_NF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Medium Field of View (MFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) Zonal and Global Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
> 1000 km or > 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_MFOV_SF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Medium Field of View (MFOV) Shape Factor (SF) 10 degree Regional Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_MFOV_SF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Nonscanner S-4G MediumField of View (MFOV) Shape Factor (SF) Zonal and Global Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4GN_WFOV_NF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4GN (Nonscanner) Wide Field of View Numerical Filter (NF) 5.0 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4GN_WFOV_NF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4GN (Nonscanner) Wide Field of View Numerical Filter (NF) Zonal and Global Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4GN_WFOV_SF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4GN (Nonscanner) Wide Field of View Shape Factor (SF) 10.0 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4GN_WFOV_SF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4GN (Nonscanner) Wide Field of View Shape Factor (SF) 10.0 degree Zonal and Global Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4GN_WFV_NF_N10_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4GN (Nonscanner) Wide Field of View Numerical Filter 5 deg. nested 10 deg. Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1995-11-30
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_SC_2.5_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Scanner (SC) 2.5 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_SC_NEST10_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Scanner (SC) 5 degree nested to 10 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_SC_NEST5_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Scanner (SC) 2.5 degree nested to 5 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_SC_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Scanner (SC) 2.5, 5, 10 degrees Zonal and Global Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
500 km - < 1000 km or approximately 5 degrees - < 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_WFOV_NF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner, Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) 5 degree Regional Averages
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_WFOV_NF_N10_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) 5 degree nested to 10 degree Regional Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_WFOV_NF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Wide Field of View (WFOV) Numerical Filter (NF) 5 and 10 degree Zonal and Global Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_WFOV_SF_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Factor (SF) 10 degree Regional Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4G_WFOV_SF_ZG_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-4G Nonscanner,Wide Field of View (WFOV) Shape Factor (SF) 10 degree Zonal and Global Averages in HDF
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Regional, Zonal, and Global Averages S-4 data in native format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
> 1000 km or > 10 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S4N_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Nonscanner Regional, Zonal, and Global Averages S-4N data in native format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-12-01 - 1995-10-31
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
ERBE_S9_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-9 Scanner Radiant Flux
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Horizontal Resolution Range:
250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution Range:
Monthly - < Annual
Temporal Resolution:
Monthly
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
ERBE_S7_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-7 Monthly Medium-Wide Data Tape
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1999-09-30,
1984-11-05 - 1999-09-30,
1984-11-05 - 1999-09-30
Temporal Resolution:
Daily
ERBE_S8_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) S-8 Processed Archival Tape
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28,
1984-11-05 - 1990-02-28
Temporal Resolution:
Daily
ERBE_TSI_ERBS_NAT_1
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) from the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite in Native Format
Radiation Budget Spatial Coverage:
(-90, 90), (-180, 180)
Temporal Coverage:
1984-10-25 - 2003-03-12
Temporal Resolution:
Biweekly