Fire Influence on Regional to Global Environments and Air Quality

The Fire Influence on Regional to Global Environments and Air Quality (FIREX-AQ) campaign was a NOAA/NASA interagency intensive study of North American fires to gain an understanding on the integrated impact of the fire emissions on the tropospheric chemistry and composition and to assess the satellite’s capability for detecting fires and estimating fire emissions. The overarching goal of FIREX-AQ was to provide measurements of trace gas and aerosol emissions for wildfires and prescribed fires in great detail, relate them to fuel and fire conditions at the point of emission, characterize the conditions relating to plume rise, follow plumes downwind to understand chemical transformation and air quality impacts.

Completed during summer 2019, FIREX-AQ utilized a combination of instrumented airplanes, satellites, and ground-based instrumentation. Detailed fire plume sampling was carried out by the NASA DC-8 aircraft, which had a comprehensive instrument payload capable of measuring over 200 trace gas species, as well as aerosol microphysical, optical, and chemical properties. The DC-8 aircraft completed 23 science flights, including 15 flights from Boise, Idaho and 8 flights from Salina, Kansas. NASA’s ER-2 completed 11 flights, partially in support of the FIREX-AQ effort. The ER-2 payload was made up of 8 satellite analog instruments and provided critical fire information, including fire temperature, fire plume heights, and vegetation/soil albedo information. NOAA provided the NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter and the NOAA-MET Twin Otter aircraft to measure chemical processing in the lofted plumes of Western wildfires. The NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter focused on nighttime plume chemistry, from which data is archived at the NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center (ASDC). The NOAA-MET Twin Otter collected measurements of air movements at fire boundaries with the goal of understanding the local weather impacts of fires and the movement patterns of fires. NOAA-MET Twin Otter data will be archived at the ASDC in the future. Additionally, a ground-based station in McCall, Idaho and several mobile laboratories provided in-situ measurements of aerosol microphysical and optical properties, aerosol chemical compositions, and trace gas species.

For more information regarding the Airborne Multi-angle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) data collected during FIREX-AQ, please refer to: AirMSPI FIREX-AQ Terrain-Projected Georegistered Radiance Product.

DOI: 10.5067/SUBORBITAL/FIREXAQ2019/DATA001

Documentation:

Disciplines:   Field Campaigns
Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
FIREXAQ_Aerosol_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 In-Situ Aerosol Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-15 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Aerosol_AircraftInSitu_N48_Data_1
FIREX-AQ NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter In Situ Aerosol Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-29 - 2019-09-06
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_AerosolCloud_AircraftRemoteSensing_ER2_CPL_Data_1
FIREX-AQ ER-2 Cloud Physics Lidar Remotely Sensed Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-01 - 2019-08-21
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Analysis_Data_1
FIREX-AQ Analysis and Supplementary Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-24 - 2019-09-03
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Analysis_N48_Data_1
FIREX-AQ NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter Analysis Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-29 - 2019-09-06
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Cloud_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 In-Situ Cloud Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-22 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Ground_InSitu_Data_1
FIREX-AQ In-Situ Ground Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-07 - 2019-08-10
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_HSRL_AircraftRemoteSensing_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 High-Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Remotely Sensed Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-17 - 2019-07-22
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_jValue_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 In-Situ J Value Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-22 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_jValue_AircraftInSitu_N48_Data_1
FIREX-AQ NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter Photolysis Rate (j value) Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-29 - 2019-09-07
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_MetNav_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC8 In-Situ Meteorological and Navigational Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-15 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_MetNav_AircraftInSitu_ER2_Data_1
FIREX-AQ ER-2 In-Situ Meteorological and Navigational Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-01 - 2019-08-21
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_MetNav_AircraftInSitu_N48_Data_1
FIREX-AQ NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter In Situ Meteorological and Navigational Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-29 - 2019-09-06
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Radiation_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 In-Situ Radiation Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-22 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_Satellite_Data_2
FIREX-AQ Satellite And Related Ancillary Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-01 - 2019-09-05
FIREXAQ_SurfaceMobile_Aerodyne_InSitu_Data_1
FIREX-AQ Aerodyne Mobile Lab Surface Mobile In-Situ Measurements
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-06 - 2019-08-28
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_SurfaceMobile_CARB_InSitu_Data_1
FIREX-AQ California Air Resources Board (CARB) Surface Mobile In-Situ Measurements
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-15 - 2019-11-04
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_SurfaceMobile_MACH2_InSitu_Data_1
FIREX-AQ MACH2 Surface Mobile In-Situ Measurements
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-21 - 2019-08-29
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftInSitu_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ DC-8 In-Situ Trace Gas Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-15 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftInSitu_N48_Data_1
FIREX-AQ NOAA-CHEM Twin Otter In Situ Trace Gas Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-29 - 2019-09-06
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftRemoteSensing_DC8_Data_1
FIREX-AQ Remotely Sensed Trace Gas Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-07-22 - 2019-09-05
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftRemoteSensing_ER2_GCAS_Data_1
FIREX-AQ ER-2 Remotely Sensed GEOstationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Airborne Simulator (GCAS)
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-02 - 2019-08-21
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftRemoteSensing_ER2_NASTI_Data_1
FIREX-AQ ER-2 Remotely Sensed National Polar - Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Airborne Sounder Testbed - Interferometer (NAST-I) Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-02 - 2019-08-21
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
FIREXAQ_TraceGas_AircraftRemoteSensing_ER2_SHIS_Data_1
FIREX-AQ ER-2 Scanning High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder (S-HIS)
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(15, 60), (-135, -75)
Temporal Coverage:
2019-08-02 - 2019-08-21
Temporal Resolution:
Variable