North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study

The NASA North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) project was the first NASA Earth Venture – Suborbital mission focused on studying the coupled ocean ecosystem and atmosphere. NAAMES utilizes a combination of ship-based, airborne, autonomous sensor, and remote sensing measurements that directly link ocean ecosystem processes, emissions of ocean-generated aerosols and precursor gases, and subsequent atmospheric evolution and processing. Four deployments coincide with the seasonal cycle of phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Winter Transition (November 5 – December 2, 2015), the Bloom Climax (May 11 – June 5, 2016), the Deceleration Phase (August 30 – September 24, 2017), and the Acceleration Phase (March 20 – April 13, 2018). Ship-based measurements were conducted from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Research Vessel Atlantis in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, while airborne measurements were conducted on a NASA Wallops Flight Facility C-130 Hercules that was based at St. John's International Airport, Newfoundland, Canada. Data products in the ASDC archive focus on the NAAMES atmospheric aerosol, cloud, and trace gas data from the ship and aircraft, as well as related satellite and model data subsets. While a few ocean-remote sensing data products (e.g., from the high-spectral resolution lidar) are also included in the ASDC archive, most ocean data products reside in a companion archive at SeaBass: https://dx.doi.org/10.5067/Seabass/NAAMES/DATA001

ASDC DOI: 10.5067/SUBORBITAL/NAAMES/DATA001


NAAMES Project Documentation

Disciplines:   Field Campaigns

NAAMES Publications

Behrenfeld M (2019). Advancing Satellite Technology to Monitor Ocean Phytoplankton. Scientia, http://dx.doi.org/10.33548/SCIENTIA382


Behrenfeld M J, Hu Y, O’Malley R T, Boss E S, Hostetler C A, Siegel D A, Sarmiento J L, Schulien J, Hair J W, Lu X, Rodier S and Scarino A J (2016). Annual boom–bust cycles of polar phytoplankton biomass revealed by space-based lidar. Nature Geoscience, 10 118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2861


Giovannoni S J, Halsey K H, Saw J, Muslin O, Suffridge C P, Sun J, Lee C-P, Moore E R, Temperton B and Noell S E (2019). A Parasitic Arsenic Cycle That Shuttles Energy from Phytoplankton to Heterotrophic Bacterioplankton. American Society for Microbiology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00246-19


Eveleth R, Glover D M, Long M C, Lima I D, Chase A P and Doney S C (2021). Assessing the Skill of a High-Resolution Marine Biophysical Model Using Geostatistical Analysis of Mesoscale Ocean Chlorophyll Variability From Field Observations and Remote Sensing. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.612764


Zhang M, Hu C, Kowalewski M G, Janz S J, Lee Z and Wei J (2017). Atmospheric correction of hyperspectral airborne GCAS measurements over the Louisiana Shelf using a cloud shadow approach. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 38 (4), http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2017.1280633


Zhang M, Hu C, Kowalewski M G and Janz S J (2017). Atmospheric Correction of Hyperspectral GCAS Airborne Measurements Over the North Atlantic Ocean and Louisiana Shelf. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 56 (1), 168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2017.2744323


Franzè G and Menden-Deuer S (). Common temperature-growth dependency and acclimation response in three herbivorous protists. Marine Ecology Progress Series, (634), http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps13200


Allen J G, Siegel D A, Nelson N B and Halewood S (2020). Controls on Ocean Color Spectra Observed During the North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES). Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.567007


Haëntjens N, Della Penna A, Briggs N, Karp‐Boss L, Gaube P, Claustre H and Boss E (2020). Detecting Mesopelagic Organisms Using Biogeochemical-Argo Floats. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (6), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GL086088


Crosbie E, Brown M D, Shook M, Ziemba L, Moore R H, Shingler T, Winstead E, Thornhill K L, Robinson C, MacDonald A B, Dadashazar H, Sorooshian A, Beyersdorf A, Eugene A, Collett Jr. J, Straub D and Anderson B (2018). Development and characterization of a high-efficiency, aircraft-based axial cyclone cloud water collector. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11 (9), http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-5025-2018


Zhang M, Hu C, Cannizzaro J, Kowalewski M G and Janz S J (2017). Diurnal changes of remote sensing reflectance over Chesapeake Bay: Observations from the Airborne Compact Atmospheric Mapper. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 200 181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2017.10.021


Morison F and Menden‐Deuer S (2017). Doing more with less? Balancing sampling resolution and effort in measurements of protistan growth and grazing-rates. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 15 (9), 794. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10200


Janssen R H H, Heald C L, Steiner A L, Perring A E, Huffman J A, Robinson E S, Twohy C H and Ziemba L D (2021). Drivers of the fungal spore bioaerosol budget: observational analysis and global modeling. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21 (6), 4381. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-4381-2021


Bisson K M, Boss E, Westberry T K and Behrenfeld M J (2019). Evaluating satellite estimates of particulate backscatter in the global open ocean using autonomous profiling floats. Optics Express, 27 (21), 30191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.030191


Chase A P, Kramer S J, Haëntjens N, Boss E S, Karp‐Boss L, Edmondson M and Graff J R (2020). Evaluation of diagnostic pigments to estimate phytoplankton size classes. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 18 (10), 570. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10385


Suffridge C P, Bolaños L M, Bergauer K, Worden A Z, Morré J, Behrenfeld M J and Giovannoni S J (2020). Exploring Vitamin B1 Cycling and Its Connections to the Microbial Community in the North Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.606342


Croft B, Martin R V, Moore R H, Ziemba L D, Crosbie E C, Liu H, Russell L M, Saliba G, Wisthaler A, Müller M, Schiller A, Galí M, Chang R Y-W, McDuffie E E, Bilsback K R and Pierce J R (2021). Factors controlling marine aerosol size distributions and their climate effects over the northwest Atlantic Ocean region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21 (3), 1889. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-1889-2021


Saliba G, Chen C-L, Lewis S, Russell L M, Rivellini L-H, Lee A K Y, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Haëntjens N, Boss E S, Karp-Boss L, Baetge N, Carlson C A and Behrenfeld M J (2019). Factors driving the seasonal and hourly variability of sea-spray aerosol number in the North Atlantic. PNAS, 116 http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1907574116


Glover D M, Doney S C, Oestreich W K and Tullo A W (2017). Geostatistical Analysis of Mesoscale Spatial Variability and Error in SeaWiFS and MODIS/Aqua Global Ocean Color Data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (1), 22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013023


Wang W-L, Song G, Primeau F, Saltzman E S, Bell T G and Moore J K (2020). Global ocean dimethyl sulfide climatology estimated from observations and an artificial neural network. Biogeosciences, 17 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-5335-2020


Behrenfeld M J, Gaube P, Della Penna A, O’Malley R T, Burt W J, Hu Y, Bontempi P S, Steinberg D K, Boss E S, Siegel D A, Hostetler C A, Tortell P D and Doney S C (2019). Global satellite-observed daily vertical migrations of ocean animals. Nature, 576 (7786), 257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1796-9


Jamet C, Ibrahim A, Ahmad Z, Angelini F, Babin M, Behrenfeld M J, Boss E, Cairns B, Churnside J, Chowdhary J, Davis A B, Dionisi D, Duforêt-Gaurier L, Franz B, Frouin R, Gao M, Gray D, Hasekamp O, He X, Hostetler C, Kalashnikova O V, Knobelspiesse K, Lacour L, Loisel H, Martins V, Rehm E, Remer L, Sanhaj I, Stamnes K, Stamnes S, Victori S, Werdell J and Zhai P-W (2019). Going Beyond Standard Ocean Color Observations: Lidar and Polarimetry. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00251


Anderson S R and Menden‐Deuer S (2016). Growth, Grazing, and Starvation Survival in Three Heterotrophic Dinoflagellate Species. Eukaryote Microbiology, 64 (2), 213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12353


Neukermans G, Harmel T, Galí M, Rudorff N, Chowdhary J, Dubovik O, Hostetler C, Hu Y, Jamet C, Knobelspiesse K, Lehahn Y, Litvinov P, Sayer A M, Ward B, Boss E, Koren I and Miller L A (2018). Harnessing remote sensing to address critical science questions on ocean-atmosphere interactions. Elementa: Science of the Antropocene, http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/elementa.331


Kramer S J and Siegel D A (2019). How Can Phytoplankton Pigments Be Best Used to Characterize Surface Ocean Phytoplankton Groups for Ocean Color Remote Sensing Algorithms?. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124 (11), 7557. Retrieved from https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019JC015604


Wilbourn E K, Thornton D C O, Ott C, Graff J, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Betha R, Russell L M, Behrenfeld M J and Brooks S D (2020). Ice Nucleation by Marine Aerosols Over the North Atlantic Ocean in Late Spring. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (4), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019JD030913


Osman M B, Das S B, Trusel L D, Evans M J, Fischer H, Grieman M M, Kipfstuhl S, McConnell J R and Saltzman E S (2019). Industrial-era decline in subarctic Atlantic productivity. Nature, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1181-8


Yang B, Fox J, Behrenfeld M J, Boss E S, Haëntjens N, Halsey K H, Emerson S R and Doney S C (2021). In Situ Estimates of Net Primary Production in the Western North Atlantic With Argo Profiling Floats. Journal of Geophysical Research, 126 (2), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020JG006116


Fassbender A, Bourbonnais A, Clayton S, Gaube P, Omand M, Franks P, Altabet M and McGillicuddy Jr. D (2018). Interpreting Mosaics of Ocean Biogeochemistry. EOS, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018EO109707


Morison F, Franzè G, Harvey E and Menden‐Deuer S (2020). Light fluctuations are key in modulating plankton trophic dynamics and their impact on primary production. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, 5 (5), 346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lol2.10156


Balaguru K, Doney S C, Bianucci L, Rasch P J, Leung L R, Yoon J-H and Lima I D (2018). Linking deep convection and phytoplankton blooms in the northern Labrador Sea in a changing climate. Plos One, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191509


Sanchez K J, Zhang B, Liu H, Saliba G, Chen C-L, Lewis S L, Russell L M, Shook M A, Crosbie E C, Ziemba L D, Brown M D, Shingler T J, Robinson C E, Wiggins E B, Thornhill K L, Winstead E L, Jordan C, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Porter J, Bell T G, Saltzman E S, Behrenfeld M J and Moore R H (2021). Linking marine phytoplankton emissions, meteorological processes, and downwind particle properties with FLEXPART. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21 (2), 831. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-831-2021


Gaube P, Braun C D, Lawson G L, McGillicuddy D J Jr, Penna A D, Skomal G B, Fischer C and Thorrold S R (2018). Mesoscale eddies influence the movements of mature female white sharks in the Gulf Stream and Sargasso Sea. Scientific Reports, 8 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25565-8


Gaube P, J. McGillicuddy D Jr and Moulin A J (2018). Mesoscale Eddies Modulate Mixed Layer Depth Globally. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (3), 1505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080006


Della Penna A and Gaube P (2020). Mesoscale Eddies Structure Mesopelagic Communities. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00454


Morison F, Pierson J J, Oikonomou A and Menden-Deuer S (2020). Mesozooplankton grazing minimally impacts phytoplankton abundance during spring in the western North Atlantic. Peer Journal, 8 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9430


Archibald K M, Siegel D A and Doney S C (2019). Modeling the Impact of Zooplankton Diel Vertical Migration on the Carbon Export Flux of the Biological Pump. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33 (2), 181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GB005983


Menden-Deuer S, Morison F, Montalbano A L, Franzè G, Strock J, Rubin E, McNair H, Mouw C and Marrec P (2020). Multi-Instrument Assessment of Phytoplankton Abundance and Cell Sizes in Mono-Specific Laboratory Cultures and Whole Plankton Community Composition in the North Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00254


Baetge N, Graff J R, Behrenfeld M J and Carlson C A (2020). Net Community Production, Dissolved Organic Carbon Accumulation, and Vertical Export in the Western North Atlantic. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00227


Zheng G, Wang Y, Wood R, Jensen M P, Kuang C, McCoy I L, Matthews A, Mei F, Tomlinson J M, Shilling J E, Zawadowicz M A, Crosbie E, Moore R, Ziemba L, Andreae M O and Wang J (2021). New particle formation in the remote marine boundary layer. Nature Communications, 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20773-1


Lawler M J, Lewis S L, Russell L M, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Coffman D J, Upchurch L M and Saltzman E S (2020). North Atlantic marine organic aerosol characterized by novel offline thermal desorption mass spectrometry approach: polysaccharides, recalcitrant material, secondary organics. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 220 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-16007-2020


Jones B M, Halsey K H and Behrenfeld M J (2017). Novel incubation-free approaches to determine phytoplankton net primary productivity, growth, and biomass based on flow cytometry and quantification of ATP and NAD(H). Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 15 (11), 928. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10213


Sinclair K, Diedenhoven B, Cairns B, Alexandrov M, Moore R, Ziemba L D and Crosbie E (2020). Observations of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions During the North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (3), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085851


Della Penna A and Gaube P (2019). Overview of (Sub)mesoscale Ocean Dynamics for the NAAMES Field Program. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00384


Moore E R, Davie‐Martin C L, Giovannoni S J and Halsey K H (2019). Pelagibacter metabolism of diatom-derived volatileorganic compounds imposes an energetic tax onphotosynthetic carbon fixation. Environmental Microbiology, 22 (5), http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.14861


Graff J R and Behrenfeld M J (2018). Photoacclimation Responses in Subarctic Atlantic Phytoplankton Following a Natural Mixing-Restratification Event. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00209


Kramer S J, Siegel D A and Graff J R (2020). Phytoplankton Community Composition Determined From Co-variability Among Phytoplankton Pigments From the NAAMES Field Campaign. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00215


Behrenfeld M J, Boss E S and Halsey K H (2021). Phytoplankton community structuring and succession in a competition-neutral resource landscape. ISME Communications, 1 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43705-021-00011-5


Fox J, Behrenfeld M J, Haëntjens N, Chase A, Kramer S J, Boss E, Karp-Boss L, Fisher N L, Penta W B, Westberry T K and Halsey K H (2020). Phytoplankton Growth and Productivity in the Western North Atlantic: Observations of Regional Variability From the NAAMES Field Campaigns. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00024


Yang B, Boss E S, Haëntjens N, Long M C, Behrenfeld M J, Eveleth R and Doney S C (2020). Phytoplankton Phenology in the North Atlantic: Insights From Profiling Float Measurements. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00139


Sinclair K, van Diedenhoven B, Cairns B, Alexandrov M, Moore R, Crosbie E and Ziemba L (). Polarimetric retrievals of cloud droplet number concentrations. Remote Sensing of Enviornment, 228 227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2019.04.008


Bell T G, Porter J G, Wang W-L, Lawler M J, Boss E, Behrenfeld M J and Saltzman E S (2021). Predictability of Seawater DMS During the North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study (NAAMES). Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.596763


Mojica K D A, Carlson C A and Behrenfeld M J (2019). Regulation of Low and High Nucleic Acid Fluorescent Heterotrophic Prokaryote Subpopulations and Links to Viral-Induced Mortality Within Natural Prokaryote-Virus Communities. Microbial Ecology, 79 213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-019-01393-9


Alexandrov M D, Cairns B, Sinclair K, Wasilewski A P, Ziemba L, Crosbie E, Moore R, Hair J, Scarino A J, Hu Y, Stamnes S, Shook M A and Chen G (2018). Retrievals of cloud droplet size from the research scanning polarimeter data: Validation using in situ measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment, 210 76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.03.005


Hendrickson B N, Brooks S D, Thornton D C O, Moore R H, Crosbie E, Ziemba L D, Carlson C A, Baetge N, Mirrielees J A and Alsante A N (2021). Role of Sea Surface Microlayer Properties in Cloud Formation. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.596225


Gaube P, Chickadel C C, Branch R and Jessup A (2019). Satellite Observations of SST-Induced Wind Speed Perturbation at the Oceanic Submesoscale. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (5), 2690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080807


Cavicchioli R, Ripple W J, Timmis K N, Azam F, Bakken L R, Baylis M, Behrenfeld M J, Boetius A, Boyd P W, Classen A T, Crowther T W, Danovaro R, Foreman C M, Huisman J, Hutchins D A, Jansson J K, Karl D M, Koskella B, Mark Welch D B, Martiny J B H, Moran M A, Orphan V J, Reay D S, Remais J V, Rich V I, Singh B K, Stein L Y, Stewart F J, Sullivan M B, van Oppen M J H, Weaver S C, Webb E A and Webster N S (2019). Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change. Nature Reviews Microbiology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5


Davie-Martin C L, Giovannoni S J, Behrenfeld M J, Penta W B and Halsey K H (2020). Seasonal and Spatial Variability in the Biogenic Production and Consumption of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) by Marine Plankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.611870


Saliba G, Chen C, Lewis S, Russell L M, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Bell T G, Lawler M J, Saltzman E S, Sanchez K J, Moore R, Shook M, Rivellini L, Lee A, Baetge N, Carlson C A and Behrenfeld M J (2020). Seasonal Differences and Variability of Concentrations, Chemical Composition, and Cloud Condensation Nuclei of Marine Aerosol Over the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmostpheres, 125 (19), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020JD033145


Bolaños L M, Choi C J, Worden A Z, Baetge N, Carlson C A and Giovannoni S (2021). Seasonality of the Microbial Community Composition in the North Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.624164


Arteaga L A, Boss E, Behrenfeld M J, Westberry T K and Sarmiento J L (2020). Seasonal modulation of phytoplankton biomass in the Southern Ocean. Nature Communications, (11), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19157-2


Quinn P K, Bates T S, Coffman D J, Upchurch L, Johnson J E, Moore R, Ziemba L, Bell T G, Saltzman E S, Graff J and Behrenfeld M J (2019). Seasonal Variations in Western North Atlantic Remote Marine Aerosol Properties. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (24), 14240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031740


Schulien J A, Della Penna A, Gaube P, Chase A P, Haëntjens N, Graff J R, Hair J W, Hostetler C A, Scarino A J, Boss E S, Karp-Boss L and Behrenfeld M J (2020). Shifts in Phytoplankton Community Structure Across an Anticyclonic Eddy Revealed From High Spectral Resolution Lidar Scattering Measurements. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00493


Mojica K D A and Brussaard C P D (2020). Significance of Viral Activity for Regulating Heterotrophic Prokaryote Community Dynamics along a Meridional Gradient of Stratification in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean. Viruses, 12 (11), http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12111293


Quinn P K, Coffman D J, Johnson J E, Upchurch L M and Bates T S (2017). Small fraction of marine cloud condensation nuclei made up of sea spray aerosol. Nature Geoscience, 10 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo3003


Bolaños L M, Karp-Boss L, Choi C J, Worden A Z, Graff J R, Haëntjens N, Chase A P, Della Penna A, Gaube P, Morison F, Menden-Deuer S, Westberry T K, O’Malley R T, Boss E, Behrenfeld M J and Giovannoni S J (2020). Small phytoplankton dominate western North Atlantic biomass. ISME, 14 1663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0636-0


Hostetler C A, Behrenfeld M J, Hu Y, Hair J W and Schulien J A (2017). Spaceborne Lidar in the Study of Marine Systems. Annual Review of Marine Science, 10 121. Retrieved from https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063335


Morison F, Harvey E, Franzè G and Menden-Deuer S (2019). Storm-Induced Predator-Prey Decoupling Promotes Springtime Accumulation of North Atlantic Phytoplankton. Frontiers in Marine Biology, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00608


Behrenfeld M J and Boss E S (2017). Student's tutorial on bloom hypotheses in the context of phytoplankton annual cycles. Global Change Biology, 24 (1), 55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13858


Sanchez K J, Chen C-L, Russell L M, Betha R, Liu J, Price D J, Massoli P, Ziemba L D, Crosbie E C, Moore R H, Müller M, Schiller S A, Wisthaler A, Lee A K Y, Quinn P K, Bates T S, Porter J, Bell T G, Saltzman E S, Vaillancourt R D and Behrenfeld M J (2018). Substantial Seasonal Contribution of Observed Biogenic Sulfate Particles to Cloud Condensation Nuclei. Scientific Reports, 8 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-21590-9


Knowles B, Bonachela J A, Behrenfeld M J, Bondoc K G, Cael B B, Carlson C A, Cieslik N, Diaz B, Fuchs H L, Graff J R, Grasis J A, Halsey K H, Haramaty L, Johns C T, Natale F, Nissimov J I, Schieler B, Thamatrakoln K, Frede Thingstad T, Våge S, Watkins C, Westberry T K and Bidle K D (2020). Temperate infection in a virus–host system previously known for virulent dynamics. Nature Communication, 11 (4624), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18078-4


Strock J P and Menden‐Deuer S (2020). Temperature acclimation alters phytoplankton growth and production rates. Limnology and Oceanography, 66 (3), 740. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.11637


Sun J, Todd J D, Thrash J C, Qian Y, Qian M C, Temperton B, Guo J, Fowler E K, Aldrich J T, Nicora C D, Lipton M S, Smith R D, De Leenheer P, Payne S H, Johnston A W B, Davie-Martin C L, Halsey K H and Giovannoni S J (2016). The abundant marine bacterium Pelagibacter simultaneously catabolizes dimethylsulfoniopropionate to the gases dimethyl sulfide and methanethiol. Nature Microbiology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.65


Behrenfeld M J, Moore R H, Hostetler C A, Graff J, Gaube P, Russell L M, Chen G, Doney S C, Giovannoni S, Liu H, Proctor C, Bolaños L M, Baetge N, Davie-Martin C, Westberry T K, Bates T S, Bell T G, Bidle K D, Boss E S, Brooks S D, Cairns B, Carlson C, Halsey K, Harvey E L, Hu C, Karp-Boss L, Kleb M, Menden-Deuer S, Morison F, Quinn P K, Scarino A J, Anderson B, Chowdhary J, Crosbie E, Ferrare R, Hair J W, Hu Y, Janz S, Redemann J, Saltzman E, Shook M, Siegel D A, Wisthaler A, Martin M Y and Ziemba L (2019). The North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study (NAAMES): Science Motive and Mission Overview. Frontiers in Marine Science, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00122


Baetge N, Behrenfeld M J, Fox J, Halsey K H, Mojica K D A, Novoa A, Stephens B M and Carlson C A (2021). The Seasonal Flux and Fate of Dissolved Organic Carbon Through Bacterioplankton in the Western North Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Biology, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.669883


Menden-Deuer S and Rowlett J (2018). The theory of games and microbe ecology. Theoretical Ecology, 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12080-018-0384-1


Behrenfeld M J, Halsey K H, Boss E, Karp‐Boss L, Milligan A J and Peers G (2021). Thoughts on the evolution and ecological niche of diatoms, Ecological Monographs. Ecological Society of America, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecm.1457


Xing X-G, Claustre H, Boss H and Chai F (2018). Toward deeper development of Biogeochemical-Argo floats. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 11 (3), 287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16742834.2018.1457932


Roohani K, Haubrich B A, Yue K-L, D’Souza N, Montalbano A, Rynearson T, Menden-Deuer S and Reid C W (2019). Trophic upgrading and mobilization of wax esters in microzooplankton. PeerJ, 7 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7549


Boss E, Haëntjens N, Westberry T K, Karp-Boss L and Slade W H (2018). Validation of the particle size distribution obtained with the laser in-situ scattering and transmission (LISST) meter in flow-through mode. Optics Express, 26 (9), 11125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.011125


Bates T S, Quinn P K, Coffman D J, Johnson J E, Upchurch L, Saliba G, Lewis S, Graff J, Russell L M and Behrenfeld M J (2020). Variability in Marine Plankton Ecosystems Are Not Observed in Freshly Emitted Sea Spray Aerosol Over the North Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085938


Collection Disciplines Spatial Temporal
NAAMES_Aerosol_AircraftInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Aerosol In Situ , Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-12 - 2017-09-20
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_AerosolCloud_AircraftRemoteSensing_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Aerosol and Cloud Remote Sensing Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(25, 70), (-85, -25)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-04 - 2018-03-25
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Aerosol_ShipInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES R/V Atlantis Aerosol In Situ Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(18, 65), (-81, -29)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-06 - 2018-04-13
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Cloud_AircraftInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Cloud In Situ Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-12 - 2017-09-20
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_MetNav_AircraftInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Navigational and Meteorological Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-04 - 2018-03-24
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_MetNav_ShipInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES R/V Atlantis Navigational and Meteorological In Situ Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(18, 65), (-81, -29)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-05 - 2018-04-12
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Met_SondeInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES Sonde Meteorological InSitu Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, 65)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-07 - 2016-06-03
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Misc_Ship_Data_1
NAAMES R/V Atlantis Miscellaneous Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(0, 90), (-180, 179)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-01-01 - 2018-09-24
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Ocean_AircraftRemoteSensing_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Ocean Remote Sensing Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-04 - 2017-09-20
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_Radiation_AircraftInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Aircraft In-Situ Radiation Data
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(30, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-04 - 2017-09-20
NAAMES_TraceGas_AircraftInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES C-130 Trace Gas In Situ Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(0, 65), (-80, 0)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-12 - 2017-09-20
Temporal Resolution:
Variable
NAAMES_TraceGas_ShipInSitu_Data_1
NAAMES R/V Atlantis Trace Gas In Situ Data, Version 1
Field Campaigns Spatial Coverage:
(18, 65), (-80, -30)
Temporal Coverage:
2015-11-06 - 2018-04-12
Temporal Resolution:
Variable